Interesting Reads and Other Helpful Resources for Government and Public Sector Attorneys

We’d like to highlight the University of North Carolina School of Government Survey. For those unfamiliar, the School of Government provides a wealth of information and resources for attorneys in our section. The survey should only take a few minutes and closes Friday, November 22, 2019.

“Electronic Records Day 2019: Social Media as a Public Record.” Mark Holland / October 10, 2019, Resources, State Archives of North Carolina. From the Article: “This year the Archives is focusing on social media.  Just like records in any other format, if social media posts (on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, etc.) are created during the transaction of public business by state, local, or university governments, then they are considered to be public records by law.”

“Sales Tax 101 for Local Governments.” Chris McLaughlin / October 31, 2019, UNC School of Government. From the Article: “The one sales tax issue on which I frequently get questions from local governments concerns their liability to pay or charge sales taxes on their own purchases and sales.  The N.C. Department of Revenue (the “DOR”) recently released updated guidance on this issue, along with many others, in its Sales and Use Tax Bulletin (June 2019)(the “SUTB”). This blog summarizes what local governments need to know about the SUTB and about sales taxes in general.”

“Chapter 160D and Other Zoning Legislation.” Adam Lovelady / September 19, 2019, UNC School of Government. From the Article: “The General Assembly has enacted significant legislation affecting planning and development regulations in North Carolina. A newly released legislative bulletin summarizes the changes already enacted. The most significant land use legislation is the adoption of Chapter 160D, a new chapter of the General Statutes that consolidates the prior city- and county-enabling authority and implements a range of consensus clarifications and reforms. These changes will require updates to all local government development regulations by 2021.”

Riding the Waves of Change: 2019 Legislative Review

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By Christina Cress
Four NCBA Sections are combining their respective experience and subject matter expertise to bring you an informative CLE highlighting this session’s legislative updates.

The Administrative Law Section; Environment, Energy & Natural Resources Law Section; Government & Public Sector Section; and Juvenile Justice & Children’s Rights Section are teaming up to bring you a 6.0‑credit hour CLE beginning at 8:15 a.m. on Friday, November 8, titled “Riding the Waves of Change: 2019 Legislative Review.”  Although it will be available by webcast and On Demand, we encourage you to attend live so that you can enjoy fellowship and networking during breakfast and lunch, both of which are include in your CLE registration.

The content-packed agenda features speakers who are both seasoned veterans on Jones Street and those who are relatively new to lobbying.  The sessions are both broad enough to include tips for all lawyers and practice areas, but sufficiently tailored to provide a specific substantive update on the most salient legislative actions taken this session as well as a general refresher of legislative procedure 101!  Come learn what the North Carolina General Assembly has (or has not) changed and the practical effects of those changes.  Brush up on your legislative procedure knowledge and skills.  Hear about the most debated and followed bills of the current legislative session.

Specific sessions include a Hot Topics Potpourri Panel moderated by Bain Jones, featuring panelists Jack Nichols, Reginald O’Rourke, and Robin L. Tatum.  You also will hear from Karen Brinson Bell, Bob Joyce, Katelyn Love, and Bruce Thompson, II, during our Elections and Redistricting Updates.  Meisha Evans and Nick Fountain will bring you Legislative Process 101.  Dixon Snukals will take you on a deep dive into Environmental and Energy updates.  And LaToya Powell will end the day with an update on Juvenile Justice Reform and Child Welfare Law.

There truly is something for everyone in this CLE – even if not in your specific practice area, then at least in your role as a citizen of the Old North State!  We hope you will join us!

Request for Articles: Write for the GPS Blog

By Amy O’Neal

As we have officially entered the fall season (despite the deceiving outside temperatures), it is a great time to consider submitting an article for publication on the Government and Public Sector Blog. Our blog posts are sent to GPS Section members and are available to all attorneys who are members of an NCBA Section. Send proposed articles to this year’s Communications Committee Co-Chairs, Amy O’Neal ( and Matt Sommer (

Whether an introductory article or an in-depth piece, your proposed articles are welcome and would be much appreciated. We are looking for articles about:

  • Government and Public Sector law basics
  • Recent cases or case law
  • Proposed rules or legislation
  • Recently passed rules or legislation
  • Practice tips for those interacting with government agencies, boards, commissions, etc.
  • Information and news about government agencies, boards, commissions, etc.
  • Other areas of the law that intersect with the Government and Public Sector (e.g., administrative law)
  • Book reviews

In addition to original content, feel free to submit recent third-party articles or news stories that may be interesting or helpful to GPS Members. Please reach out to Amy or Matt if you have any questions or any suggested topics that you would like to see covered by the GPS Blog.

A Message from the Chair of the NCBA Government and Public Sector Section

By Mike Thelen

Dear Members of the North Carolina Bar Association’s Government and Public Sector Section (GPS):

Welcome to the Association’s 2019-2020 year!  My name is Mike.  I’m honored to serve as this year’s chair of the GPS Section alongside a formidable and distinguished set of officers and a Section Council, the members of which are LINKED HERE.  I look forward to working alongside our officers, Council members, and committee chairs to deliver to you the value each of you deserve as members of the GPS Section.

As we start the year, I invite you to mark your calendars with and to consider the following opportunities:

If you haven’t yet done so, please renew your Bar Association membership.  As you may know, the Bar Association revised its due structure for this year.  Two of the benefits of that revision are (1) you are entitled to one free Section membership (Can you hear me Irish whispering “GPS”?), and (2) you are entitled to monthly on-demand CLEs from the Expert Series.  Renew your membership now so that you can consume the September CLE before it expires.  You can email or call (919) 677-0561 to discuss your renewal.

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Put It On Your Calendar Now: ‘Riding the Waves of Change: 2019 Legislative Review’

By Paige Worsham
The Government & Public Sector Section is joining forces with the Administrative Law, Juvenile Justice & Children’s Rights, and Environment, Energy & Natural Resources Law Sections to bring you a 6.0 credit hour CLE this fall, titled “Riding the Waves of Change: 2019 Legislative Review.” The CLE will take place at the N.C. Bar Center in Cary from 8:15 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. on Friday, November 8, 2019.  While it will be available by webcast and On Demand, we encourage you to attend live to enjoy the networking that is sure to occur during the breakfast and lunch, both of which will be provided.  The four co-planning Sections combine their expertise to provide updates and answers regarding the 2019 legislative actions. Learn what the North Carolina General Assembly has (or has not) changed and the practical effects of those changes. Brush up on your legislative procedure knowledge and skills. Hear about the most debated and followed bills of the current legislative session.

New Law Affects State Government Rulemaking and Contested Cases

By Ann B. Wall

Rulemaking coordinators across state government are no doubt heaving a sigh of relief.  They will welcome a new law that makes long desired changes in state government rulemaking. This new law will allow quick fixes to small but important elements in the North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC). See, S.L. 2019-140, An Act to Amend Various Administrative Procedure Laws. The changes were effective with Gov. Cooper’s signature on Friday, July 19.        Read more

Records Section Needs Your Input On Developing New Models

By Michael Thelen

With appreciation to Government and Public Sector Section Council member Ann Wall, general counsel to the Secretary of State and professional knower-of-things, the Section Council has been alerted to an important message and opportunity from Whitney Ray. Whitney, of course, is a records management analyst with the North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources.  While all Section members are encouraged to read Whitney’s message, we think this post will be of particular interest to the local government attorneys within the Section.

Essentially, the Government Records Section of the State Archives of North Carolina is updating its model local records retention schedules and, in that process, is inviting input from stakeholders (for our sake, local government attorneys and their colleagues within the local governments) as the new models are developed.

Please read the message from from Whitney Ray here and follow these links to access the New Retention Schedule Model for North Carolina Local Governments and an explanation of How to Adopt the New Local Government Retention Schedules.

Mike Thelen is rising chair (2019-2020) of the Government and Public Sector Section of the North Carolina Bar Association.

Pro Bono Options To Fit Your Needs

By Skye David

Over the past several months, the Pro Bono Committee of the Government and Public Sector Section has been working with the NCBA Pro Bono Committee to establish pro bono projects for the Government and Public Sector Section, with a variety of options to fit each member’s needs and availability. As a committee, we have established four projects to offer the Section members to consider:

Drivers License Restoration Government & Public Sector Attorney Pro Bono Event

3-6:30 p.m., Thursday, June 6
State Employees Association, 1621 Midtown Place, Raleigh 27609
The Event: Under North Carolina law, people who fail to appear in court to resolve a traffic ticket or fail to pay traffic or criminal court debt is subjected to an indefinite suspension of their drivers license, regardless of whether it is their first ticket or first time failing to resolve a ticket.

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Join Us In February For a Networking Event, Annual Meeting and CLE Program

The Government & Public Sector Section invites you to three events that promise to be well worth your time.

Save the Dates:  Thursday, Feb. 21 and Friday, Feb. 22, 2019

A joint networking event with the Constitutional Rights & Responsibilities Section is Thursday, Feb. 21 from 5:15 – 6:30 p.m. at Dean’s Kitchen & Bar, 1080 Darrington Drive, Cary.  The event is free for all Section members.  Click here to register online by Feb. 20.

A Friday, Feb. 22 joint CLE with the Constitutional Rights & Responsibilities Section:  “In Tune or Off Key: Law, Government, Constitutional Rights and Responsibilities” will provide six hours of CLE credit, including one hour of ethics/professional responsibility credit.  This program presents a full-day’s concert of sessions dealing with the legal music of our lives. Topics include:

  • A view from the bench regarding Section 1983, government and citizen suits
  • Protecting voting rights and empowering citizens in environmentally vulnerable areas
  • Data privacy and legal ethics
  • Administrative searches and warrants
  • Injunctive relief when citizens participate in democracy
  • Protecting rights and citizens from debtors prison

Click here to register and join us on Friday, Feb. 22 as we turn up the volume on our knowledge of these chords of law.

Also on Friday, Feb. 22, we will hold our Section’s annual meeting and present the Grainger Barrett Award for Excellence.  The Award is designed to honor a government or public sector attorney for their excellence, dedication and passion for justice.

Please note:  You do not have to attend the CLE in order to attend the networking event or the annual meeting and presentation of the Grainger Barrett Award for Excellence.  However, we really hope that you will choose to come to all three events.

NCGA 2018 Wrap Up: Abbreviated Short Session Produces Fewer Bills but More Proposed Constitutional Amendments

By Whitney Campbell Christensen

The 2018 Short Session of the North Carolina General Assembly adjourned in late June and can boast something that many Short Sessions cannot: that it was genuinely short.

What else made it memorable?  An unusual adjournment resolution, a pre-negotiated state budget, a renewed interest in amending the North Carolina Constitution, campaign pressures, a record-breaking protest on opening day and milk jokes… lots of milk jokes.

Short Session by the Numbers

The intended purpose of the Short Session is to make modifications to the two-year state budget enacted during the previous Long Session based on changes in revenue projections, new priorities, and unforeseen events such as natural disasters.  Legislation unrelated to appropriations may also advance during Short Sessions, but it is subject to a very restrictive body of eligibility rules imposed by each chamber.

The practical impact of these rules is that very few bills with statewide implications are introduced during a typical Short Session and only a small percentage of the bills introduced during the previous year’s Long Session can be considered.  Below is a quick look at the 2018 Short Session by the numbers.

6 – The number of weeks the 2018 Short Session lasted

129 – The number of bills enacted

1922 – The number of bills filed during the biennium (The Long Session and the Short Session occurring between each General Assembly election)

$23.9 billion – The amount of total spending in the Fiscal Year 2018-19 state budget

2% – The minimum state employee pay raise in the budget

6.5% – The average pay raise for teachers in the budget

6 – The number of North Carolina Constitutional amendments legislators voted to put on the ballot for this fall’s general election.

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